The structure of aikido training consists of several units. Anyone can adjust the intensity of any part of the training to their own ability.
Preparation part (aiki taiso)
The warm-up exercises are done first. The purpose of warming is to prepare your body for physical activity. Warming is mainly used to increase your body temperature, increase your heart rate and breathing, and also help you mentally prepare for exercise. In aikido training, a minimal set of exercises is known exactly, and involves warming the body from head to toe. They can sometimes be replaced with similar ones or supplemented with new ones.
Aikido movement exercises (tai sabaki)
In Aikido, specific movements are used: straight and circular, forward and backward, and combinations thereof. They practice as separate movements as well as with a partner.
The basic movements are: reverse (ushiro tenkan), entry turning (irimi tenkan), sliding forward or backward movement (tsugi ashi).
Aikido Falls (ukemi waza)
As throwing techniques are used in one part of the Aikido technique, we practice various safe fall techniques to prevent injury in training. They are very quickly learned in basic form and anyone can easily master them, but as with everything, perfecting them to perfection takes a little longer.
The main downsides are:
The downward we do when our partner balances forward and we are forced to apply it in such a way that we roll softly (painlessly) across the pad and find ourselves firmly on our feet again.
The fall back is applied when the aikido technique has lost its balance backwards, and we roll backwards gently so that we return to a stable position.
In addition to these, many other types of falls are also learned later.
There is no attack or aggression in Aikido. Applying the techniques we take advantage of the direction, direction and intensity of the attack, so we divert it by applying one of the models, so that we can neutralize it: by throwing it, with a painful lever and with the final control.
There is no intention to injure the attacker. So how do we train?
First, the trainer shows the proper performance of the aikido technique, then explains the most important parts and points out the most common mistakes that may occur. The partners approach each other and begin to repeat what has been shown. The coach visits the gym, and oversees the whole process. Provides appropriate suggestions if necessary.
The basic training system is paired, with one partner practicing an appropriate aikido technique, and is said to give the technique, while the other plays the role of the attacker by performing a predetermined attack. The intensity and speed of the attack is adjusted to the current level of knowledge of the partner learning the particular technique. After several such exercises, the roles change.
Over time, as aikidoke (exercise) progresses, speed and intensity gradually rise to a higher level.
Later, he trains with two or more partners who play the role of attacker, as well as free techniques (not pre-determined) from attacks whose nature, intensity, direction and type are not known to us in advance.
Finally, static stretching exercises are performed to increase blood flow to the muscles and increase flexibility. Stretching delivers more oxygen and nutrients to the muscles and speeds up muscle recovery after exercise.
I hope I was able to briefly outline what a typical aikido training looks like. Of course, there are many more details, and much more, and much more interesting you can find out at the training.